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Examining Temporal Demands of Work and Temporal Preferences of Individual: A Person Job Fit Perspective
Keywords: Time, Person Job fit, Role overload, Role Ambiguity, Role Stress
Abstract: Although organizational behaviorists acknowledge the importance of time, relatively little research has used the concept of person-job fit to explain the impact of time on human behavior at work. Using person-job fit theory, this paper analyzes how individual temporal preferences and time demands of work interact to produce role-based stress through role ambiguity, role conflict, role overload, and underutilization of skills. The analysis provides research propositions for the misfit between an individual’s temporal orientation and temporal demands of work and specific role stressors. We also discuss the theoretical and practical implications of our analysis.